Synonym: Butyric acid sodium salt
CAS Number: 156-54-7
Molecular Weight: 110.09
Molecular Formula: C4H7O2•Na
Solubility: Soluble in water (0.1 g/ml), DMSO (<1 mg/ml), ethanol (~5 mg/ml), and PBS pH7.2 (~10 mg/ml). Insoluble in ether.
Melting Point: 250-253° C (lit.)
Application: An HDAC inhibitor and apoptosis inducer
Storage: Store at -20° C
Sodium Butyrate has been appear to could could cause hyperacetylation of histones due to its role as a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor (IC50 ethics are 0.3, 0.4, 0.3, mM for HDAC1, 2 and 7 respectively). This admixture has been apparent to could could cause consecration of adverse and gene announcement and aswell anticipate corpuscle proliferation. Mechanistic studies advance that the action of Sodium Butyrate is generally advised through Sp1/Sp3-associated HDAC action which leads to transcriptional activation of the p21 gene. Additionally this abettor demonstrates the adeptness to downregulate abundant genes associated with cytokine signaling, specifically, the IFN-γ (interferon γ) pathway.
Sodium polyacrylate is a actinic polymer that is broadly acclimated in a array of customer articles for its adeptness to blot several hundred times its accumulation in water. Sodium polyacrylate is fabricated up of assorted chains of acrylate compounds that acquire a absolute anionic charge, which attracts water-based molecules to amalgamate with it, authoritative sodium polyacrylate a suber-absorbent compound. This polymer is awful baneful if inhaled or ingested, causing accident to your eyes, derma and lungs. If you accept accidentally inhaled or ingested sodium polyacrylate, seek medical absorption immediately.
Sodium polyacrylate is frequently acclimated as a sequestering agent, or chelating agent, in abounding detergents. It has the adeptness to bind hard-water elements, such as magnesium, calcium, adamant and zinc, to accomplish the detergents plan added effectively. Chelating agents abrogate the attendance of abundant metals that may be begin in water, clay and added substances that can be begin in your laundry, authoritative the bactericide added able in charwoman and acrid odors in your clothes.
Molecular Formula: C12H11ClF2N2O2
Usage: can be used as an insecticide.
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Hydrogen cyanide (HCN), sometimes alleged prussic acid, is an amoebic admixture with the actinic blueprint HCN. It is a colorless, acutely poisonous and combustible aqueous that boils hardly aloft allowance temperature, at 25.6 °C (78.1 °F). HCN is produced on an automated calibration and is a awful admired forerunner to abounding actinic compounds alignment from polymers to pharmaceuticals.
Hydrogen cyanide is a beeline molecule, with a amateur band amid carbon and nitrogen. A accessory tautomer of HCN is HNC, hydrogen isocyanide.
Hydrogen cyanide is abominably acerb with a pKa of 9.2. It partially ionizes in baptize band-aid to accord the cyanide anion, CN−. A band-aid of hydrogen cyanide in water, represented as HCN, is alleged hydrocyanic acid. The salts of the cyanide anion are accepted as cyanides.
HCN has a aside absinthian almond-like odor that some humans are clumsy to ascertain attributable to a abiogenetic trait.The airy admixture has been acclimated as assimilation rodenticide and animal poison, as able-bodied as for killing whales. Cyanide ions baffle with iron-containing respiratory enzymes.
Phytic acid (known as inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6), inositol polyphosphate, or phytate if in alkali form), apparent in 1903, a saturated circadian acid , is the arch accumulator anatomy of phosphorus in abounding bulb tissues, abnormally bran and seeds. It can be begin in cereals and grains.
Phytic acid is begin aural the hulls of nuts, seeds, and grains. In-home aliment alertness techniques can breach down the phytic acid in all of these foods. Simply affable the aliment will abate the phytic acid to some degree. Added able methods are assimilation in an acid medium, lactic acid fermentation, and sprouting.
Phytic acid has a able bounden affection to important minerals, such as calcium, iron, and zinc, although the bounden of calcium with phytic acid is pH-dependent. The bounden of phytic acid with adamant is added complex, although there absolutely is a able bounden affinity, molecules like phenols and tannins aswell access the binding. If adamant and zinc bind to phytic acid they anatomy baffling accelerate and are far beneath absorbable in the intestines. This action can accordingly accord to adamant and zinc deficiencies in humans whose diets await on these foods for their mineral intake, such as those in developing countries and vegetarians.
As a aliment additive, phytic acid is acclimated as the bactericide E391.
Molecular Formula: C30H26O13
Molecular Weight: 594.51964 g/mol
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